How To Recognize The Presence Of Bedbugs
The Cimicidae family is where the insects known as bedbugs come from. These insects feed on warm blooded creatures such as humans and animals. Usually found in areas where their hosts sleep, they do not like daylight hours and normally come out at night. Their presence is usually discovered when their hosts develop red itchy patches on their skin.
The cimicidae family is thought to be made up of around one hundred species. The most common species being the one that feeds off human blood. Other species prefer tropical regions and others like to make bats or poultry their food of choice.
The color of the insects vary from when it is first hatched as a translucent light color, as they age, they become a darker brown color. A fully grown adult grows to about 5mm long and up to 3mm in width. The appearance of an adult is usually a reddish brown color, flat and wingless.
They feed by sucking the blood of their prey, they pierce the skin with their two feeding tubes. One of the tubes sucks the blood from its host, while the other it injects an anti blood clotting agent and anesthetic through its saliva. The insect usually feeds of its host for about five minutes before it goes back to its hiding place. It is normal for the insects to feed once or twice a week but they can go for many months without feeding.
It takes the body many hours to react to the chemicals that have been injected into it, so it is therefore a while after being bitten that the human usually sees the evidence which usually appears as a red and itchy rash. The host can become very ill as a result of the bite, however this is usually in rare cases.
Products to help deal with the itchy rash are available on the market, these have ingredients which calm the itch and reduce the urge to scratch. The products are available in creams, lotions and sprays. Medications to be taken orally are also available for people who suffer from the chemicals causing a bad reaction.
If you notice marks on your bed sheets that look like feces or blood spots, these could be marks left by these pests. You may have to call in the exterminators if you discover an infestation. To help prevent these insects from invading your home, you should clean and vacuum daily, and as part of your cleaning routine you should include a thorough vacuuming of the mattress. Homes with pets also need to treat these pets as the insects could be feasting off the animals.